L’article “Circular bioeconomy in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona: Policy recommendations to optimize biowaste management” del qual els membres d’ENT Karin Meisterl, Sergio Sastre, Ignasi Puig i Rosaria Chifari en són coautors, ha estat publicat a la revista científica “Sustainability”.
Municipal biowaste management is at the core of the transition towards a circular bioeconomy in the EU. However, most urban systems are still far to be aligned with circular bioeconomy principles. This paper addresses the case of the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona. The current system of biowaste management was compared with a more sustainable alternative scenario based on LCA/LCC. Drivers and obstacles for the transition from the current state to the alternative scenario were identified and later transformed into policy recommendations using a multi-stakeholder approach. The paper focuses on the separate collection of biowaste and the production of biomethane. Increasing the quantity and quality of separate biowaste collection is a prerequisite for the market-relevant production of biogas from anaerobic digestion (AD) that can be converted into biomethane. The results show that more efficient collection systems such as door-to-door or smart bins collection together with tax incentives such as the pay-as-you-throw principle are key to increasing the amount of biowaste, while targeted communication combined with controls and penalties are key to minimizing impurities. In addition to financial incentives for the construction of new AD plants, financial incentive systems are also required for the biomethane sector to ensure competitiveness with fossil fuels.