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Environmental innovation that serves society
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This area focuses on the relationship between the socio-economic system and the environment.

The main projects in this area consist of the analysis, planning, design, implementation and ex-ante and ex-post evaluation of environmental economic policies, from a triple economic, environmental and legal perspective. ENT makes use of methods and techniques coming from ecological economics, environmental economics and public economics. One of the main areas of expertise is environmental taxation and, in general, economic instruments of environmental policy, in which we have worked from local level (for example projects of “greening” fiscal ordinances or waste charges) to regional, national and international levels.

ENT has experience in the use of methods of applied economics, as well as statistics and quantitative methods, econometric modelling, economic impact assessment, input-output analysis, computable general equilibrium modelling, environmental valuation, evaluation of public and private projects, cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis, amongst others methods.

Linking Biodiversity to National Economic and Social Priorities in the EU Member States
| Projects
ENT
2015

ENT is a member of a study consortium led by the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) in conjunction with the ICF International, Ecologic Institute, and Denkstatt, and funded…

METRES: Modelling Environmental Tax Reform in Spain
| Projects
ENT
2016

The METRES (Modelling Environmental Tax Reform) project aims to evaluate the “double dividend hypothesis” of environmental taxation. To do this, the researcher is developing an…

Greening of fiscal ordinances
| Projects
ENT
2014

One of the main areas of ENT experience is environmental taxation. Although in this area municipalities have a limited capacity compared to other levels of government, there are several…

Naturvation – H2020 Nature-based solutions
| Projects
ENT
2016

Nature-Based Solutions have the potential to limit impacts of climate change, enhance biodiversity and improve environmental quality while contributing to economic activities and social…

Technical assistance for identification of innovative taxation mechanisms, application of these mechanisms and definition of a methodology for the implementation of a payment system for environmental services in the framework of the Natura 2000 network in Spain
| Projects
ENT
2014

This study was commissioned by the Fundación Biodiversidad, which depends on the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment of Spain. The report aims to analyse and develop a set of…

Waste charges studies
| | Projects
ENT
2014

Waste charges can contribute not only to covering the costs associated with waste management, but also to creating an incentive to reduce and separate waste at source. A good design also…

Reports for the introduction of “Pay as You Throw” schemes
| | Projects
ENT
2019

ENT Environment and Management has prepared, since 2006, a number of studies in several Catalan municipalities to implement waste charges based on “pay as you throw” schemes, through…

Developments and opportunities for an ecological tax reform in Spain
| | Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa| Maria Calaf Forn| Marta Jofra Sora
2015

Spain is facing serious economic challenges. The public debt in 2013 reached 92.10 per cent of GDP and the unemployment rate in December 2013 was at 25.8 per cent. In this context, there is…

Capacity building, programmatic development and communication in the field of environmental taxation and budgetary reform
| Projects
ENT
2016

Economic instruments are increasingly being discussed and applied in the area of environmental policy. This is driven by various considerations, from the need for fiscal consolidation to…