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This area focuses on the relationship between the socio-economic system and the environment. The main projects in this area consist of the analysis, planning, design, implementation and ex-ante and ex-post evaluation of environmental economic policies, from a triple economic, environmental and legal perspective. ENT makes use of methods and techniques coming from ecological economics, environmental economics and public economics. One of the main areas of expertise is environmental taxation and, in general, economic instruments of environmental policy, in which we have worked from local level (for example projects of “greening” fiscal ordinances or waste charges) to regional, national and international levels.

ENT has experience in the use of methods of applied economics, as well as statistics and quantitative methods, econometric modelling, economic impact assessment, input-output analysis, computable general equilibrium modelling, environmental valuation, evaluation of public and private projects, cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis, amongst others methods.

METRES: Modelling Environmental Tax Reform in Spain
| Projects
ENT
2016

The METRES (Modelling Environmental Tax Reform) project aims to evaluate the “double dividend hypothesis” of environmental taxation. To do this, the researcher is developing an…

Methods to empirically estimate direct and indirect rebound effect of energy-saving technological changes in households
| | Publications| Jaume Freire González
2011

Energy efficiency policies have a special importance within carbon emission reduction policies to mitigate the climate change effects. However, potential reductions of energy consumption…

Climate change adaptation in urban coastal areas with high population density and touristic and cultural relevance in Spain
| Projects
FUNDACIO ENT
2016

Fundación Biodiversidad selected a project proposed by Fundació ENT in the context of the 2015 call for projects in the fields of terrestrial, marine and coastal biodiversity, climate…

Costs and benefits of adaptation to climate change in the winter tourism sector in Spain
| Projects
FUNDACIO ENT
2015

This project was conducted in collaboration with the Spanish Office of Climate Change and was focused on the economic evaluation of adaptation measures to climate change in areas of winter…

Developments and opportunities for an ecological tax reform in Spain
| | Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa| Maria Calaf Forn| Marta Jofra Sora
2015

Spain is facing serious economic challenges. The public debt in 2013 reached 92.10 per cent of GDP and the unemployment rate in December 2013 was at 25.8 per cent. In this context, there is…

Update of the OECD/EEA Database on Instruments used for Environmental Policy and Natural Resources Management
| Projects
FUNDACIO ENT
2014

From 2008 to 2014 the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) commissioned Fundació ENT to conduct an update of the Regional Environmentally Related Taxes and Charges…

Linking Biodiversity to National Economic and Social Priorities in the EU Member States
| Projects
ENT
2015

ENT is a member of a study consortium led by the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) in conjunction with the ICF International, Ecologic Institute, and Denkstatt, and funded…

The unsustainable dependence of Spanish Local Treasuries on taxes and charges related to construction activities
| Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa
2009

Until 2007, Spain experienced for a few years an exponential development of new urban areas. The article delves into the causes of this development, and specifically on the dependence of…

Technical assistance for identification of innovative taxation mechanisms, application of these mechanisms and definition of a methodology for the implementation of a payment system for environmental services in the framework of the Natura 2000 network in Spain
| Projects
ENT
2014

This study was commissioned by the Fundación Biodiversidad, which depends on the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment of Spain. The report aims to analyse and develop a set of…

Naturvation – H2020 Nature-based solutions
| Projects
ENT
2016

Nature-Based Solutions have the potential to limit impacts of climate change, enhance biodiversity and improve environmental quality while contributing to economic activities and social…