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This area focuses on the relationship between the socio-economic system and the environment. The main projects in this area consist of the analysis, planning, design, implementation and ex-ante and ex-post evaluation of environmental economic policies, from a triple economic, environmental and legal perspective. ENT makes use of methods and techniques coming from ecological economics, environmental economics and public economics. One of the main areas of expertise is environmental taxation and, in general, economic instruments of environmental policy, in which we have worked from local level (for example projects of “greening” fiscal ordinances or waste charges) to regional, national and international levels.

ENT has experience in the use of methods of applied economics, as well as statistics and quantitative methods, econometric modelling, economic impact assessment, input-output analysis, computable general equilibrium modelling, environmental valuation, evaluation of public and private projects, cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis, amongst others methods.

Update of the OECD/EEA Database on Instruments used for Environmental Policy and Natural Resources Management
| Projects
FUNDACIO ENT
2014

From 2008 to 2014 the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) commissioned Fundació ENT to conduct an update of the Regional Environmentally Related Taxes and Charges…

METRES: Modelling Environmental Tax Reform in Spain
| Projects
ENT
2016

The METRES (Modelling Environmental Tax Reform) project aims to evaluate the “double dividend hypothesis” of environmental taxation. To do this, the researcher is developing an…

Greening of fiscal ordinances
| Projects
ENT
2014

One of the main areas of ENT experience is environmental taxation. Although in this area municipalities have a limited capacity compared to other levels of government, there are several…

Waste charges studies
| | Projects
ENT
2014

Waste charges can contribute not only to covering the costs associated with waste management, but also to creating an incentive to reduce and separate waste at source. A good design also…

Climate change adaptation in urban coastal areas with high population density and touristic and cultural relevance in Spain
| Projects
FUNDACIO ENT
2016

Fundación Biodiversidad selected a project proposed by Fundació ENT in the context of the 2015 call for projects in the fields of terrestrial, marine and coastal biodiversity, climate…

Naturvation – H2020 Nature-based solutions
| Projects
ENT
2016

Nature-Based Solutions have the potential to limit impacts of climate change, enhance biodiversity and improve environmental quality while contributing to economic activities and social…

Guide for the Implementation of Pay-As-You-Throw Systems for Municipal Waste
| | Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa| Maria Calaf Forn| Maria Mestre Montserrat
2010

Municipal waste management is one of the key areas of municipal environmental policy and is also the item on which town councils spend most resources. Therefore, a wide range of tools…

Economic impact of the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from diffuse sectors in Catalonia
| Projects
ENT
2015

This report consisted of a retrospective analysis of the diffuse emissions from different sectors in Catalonia, in relation to different macroeconomic variables. Based on this historical…

Developments and opportunities for an ecological tax reform in Spain
| | Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa| Maria Calaf Forn| Marta Jofra Sora
2015

Spain is facing serious economic challenges. The public debt in 2013 reached 92.10 per cent of GDP and the unemployment rate in December 2013 was at 25.8 per cent. In this context, there is…

Results of the assessment of the environmental fiscal reform potential for the EU28
| Projects
ENT
2015

ENT recently participated in a study consortium led by Eunomia Research & Consulting (Eunomia) in conjunction with the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP), Aarhus…