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This area focuses on the relationship between the socio-economic system and the environment. The main projects in this area consist of the analysis, planning, design, implementation and ex-ante and ex-post evaluation of environmental economic policies, from a triple economic, environmental and legal perspective. ENT makes use of methods and techniques coming from ecological economics, environmental economics and public economics. One of the main areas of expertise is environmental taxation and, in general, economic instruments of environmental policy, in which we have worked from local level (for example projects of “greening” fiscal ordinances or waste charges) to regional, national and international levels.

ENT has experience in the use of methods of applied economics, as well as statistics and quantitative methods, econometric modelling, economic impact assessment, input-output analysis, computable general equilibrium modelling, environmental valuation, evaluation of public and private projects, cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis, amongst others methods.

The Remarkable Environmental Rebound Effect of Electric Cars: A Microeconomic Approach
| | Publications| Jaume Freire González
2014

This article presents a stepwise, refined, and practical analytical framework to model the microeconomic environmental rebound effect (ERE) stemming from cost differences of electric cars…

Developments and opportunities for an ecological tax reform in Spain
| | Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa| Maria Calaf Forn| Marta Jofra Sora
2015

Spain is facing serious economic challenges. The public debt in 2013 reached 92.10 per cent of GDP and the unemployment rate in December 2013 was at 25.8 per cent. In this context, there is…

Study on the Catalan municipal waste tax
| Projects
ENT
2012

The Waste Agency of Catalonia commissioned a report to assess the effectiveness of the landfill and incineration tax in Catalonia, and to elaborate proposals for future improvement. This…

Greening of fiscal ordinances
| Projects
ENT
2014

One of the main areas of ENT experience is environmental taxation. Although in this area municipalities have a limited capacity compared to other levels of government, there are several…

Reports for the introduction of “Pay as You Throw” schemes
| | Projects
ENT
2014

ENT Environment and Management has prepared, since 2006, a number of studies in several Catalan municipalities to implement waste charges based on “pay as you throw” schemes, through…

Payment for Ecosystems Services in Catalonia, Spain. A review of experience and potential applications
| Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa
2011

Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are an innovative environmental policy instrument that aims to reward natural resource managers in return for maintaining or improving the provision of…

Carbon and Energy Pricing Reform in Europe (CEPRiE)
| | Projects
FUNDACIO ENT
2014

The Carbon and Energy Pricing Reform in Europe (CEPRiE) project is led by Green Budget Europe with Fundació ENT Foundation acting as a partner in Spain.
The project aims at promoting…

METRES: Modelling Environmental Tax Reform in Spain
| Projects
ENT
2016

The METRES (Modelling Environmental Tax Reform) project aims to evaluate the “double dividend hypothesis” of environmental taxation. To do this, the researcher is developing an…

The effectiveness of environmental taxes on landfill and incineration of waste in Spain
| Projects
ENT
2010

This report had the objective to describe and compare the different taxes on landfill and incineration of waste in Spain. It was developed by Dr. Ignasi Puig Ventosa and Dr. Ana Citlalic…

The unsustainable dependence of Spanish Local Treasuries on taxes and charges related to construction activities
| Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa
2009

Until 2007, Spain experienced for a few years an exponential development of new urban areas. The article delves into the causes of this development, and specifically on the dependence of…