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This area focuses on the relationship between the socio-economic system and the environment. The main projects in this area consist of the analysis, planning, design, implementation and ex-ante and ex-post evaluation of environmental economic policies, from a triple economic, environmental and legal perspective. ENT makes use of methods and techniques coming from ecological economics, environmental economics and public economics. One of the main areas of expertise is environmental taxation and, in general, economic instruments of environmental policy, in which we have worked from local level (for example projects of “greening” fiscal ordinances or waste charges) to regional, national and international levels.

ENT has experience in the use of methods of applied economics, as well as statistics and quantitative methods, econometric modelling, economic impact assessment, input-output analysis, computable general equilibrium modelling, environmental valuation, evaluation of public and private projects, cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analysis, amongst others methods.

Waste charges studies
| | Projects
ENT
2014

Waste charges can contribute not only to covering the costs associated with waste management, but also to creating an incentive to reduce and separate waste at source. A good design also…

Developments and opportunities for an ecological tax reform in Spain
| | Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa| Maria Calaf Forn| Marta Jofra Sora
2015

Spain is facing serious economic challenges. The public debt in 2013 reached 92.10 per cent of GDP and the unemployment rate in December 2013 was at 25.8 per cent. In this context, there is…

Study on the Catalan municipal waste tax
| Projects
ENT
2012

The Waste Agency of Catalonia commissioned a report to assess the effectiveness of the landfill and incineration tax in Catalonia, and to elaborate proposals for future improvement. This…

Update of the OECD/EEA Database on Instruments used for Environmental Policy and Natural Resources Management
| Projects
FUNDACIO ENT
2014

From 2008 to 2014 the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) commissioned Fundació ENT to conduct an update of the Regional Environmentally Related Taxes and Charges…

METRES: Modelling Environmental Tax Reform in Spain
| Projects
ENT
2016

The METRES (Modelling Environmental Tax Reform) project aims to evaluate the “double dividend hypothesis” of environmental taxation. To do this, the researcher is developing an…

Reports for the introduction of “Pay as You Throw” schemes
| | Projects
ENT
2014

ENT Environment and Management has prepared, since 2006, a number of studies in several Catalan municipalities to implement waste charges based on “pay as you throw” schemes, through…

Naturvation – H2020 Nature-based solutions
| Projects
ENT
2016

Nature-Based Solutions have the potential to limit impacts of climate change, enhance biodiversity and improve environmental quality while contributing to economic activities and social…

Payment for Ecosystems Services in Catalonia, Spain. A review of experience and potential applications
| Publications| Ignasi Puig Ventosa
2011

Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are an innovative environmental policy instrument that aims to reward natural resource managers in return for maintaining or improving the provision of…

Carbon and Energy Pricing Reform in Europe (CEPRiE)
| | Projects
FUNDACIO ENT
2014

The Carbon and Energy Pricing Reform in Europe (CEPRiE) project is led by Green Budget Europe with Fundació ENT Foundation acting as a partner in Spain.
The project aims at promoting…

The Remarkable Environmental Rebound Effect of Electric Cars: A Microeconomic Approach
| | Publications| Jaume Freire González
2014

This article presents a stepwise, refined, and practical analytical framework to model the microeconomic environmental rebound effect (ERE) stemming from cost differences of electric cars…