The project, commissioned by the European Commission and led by Eunomia, was aimed at following up the performance of several Member States against the targets on waste, particularly those required by the Waste Framework Directive (50% preparation for reuse and recycling by 2020) and the Landfill Directive (reaching 30% of landfilling of biodegradable municipal waste as compared to 1995 levels). ENT participated in the cases of Spain and Portugal. The project covered a review of the countries’ main indicators and policies displayed into factsheets plus a set of recommendations included in a roadmap. Both documents were debated with the national and regional authorities of each country and put in common in a workshop held in Brussels in January 2016.
In the case of Spain, the recycling rates and distance to targets were calculated at the Autonomous Community level. The overall recycling rate of Spain was found to be 32.5% in 2013 with differing results across regions, which implies that additional effort will have to be done in order to reach 50% by 2020. Spain was also far from accomplishing with the Landfill directive in 2012 although several regions had already complied in 2012.
For Portugal, the recycling rate was found to be 28% in 2013 whereas the landfilling of biodegradable municipal waste was 35%, far from the 53% required by the Landfill directive by 2016.